Andean region is known to be the botanical origin of common vegetable species as potato, peanut and tomato; however, less well- known species such as quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and canihua (Chenopodium pallidicaule), have possessed an important role in the nutrition and wellbeing of local populations during thousand of years. Quinoa and canihua are crops with a highly significative content of protein. Moreover, its levels of carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, polyphenols and other compounds could contribute with its preventive and therapeutic potentials. In spite of their multiple benefits, few studies have been developed to improve the characterization and cultivation aspects related with the obtainment of these plants. This book, therefore, provides a wide and newly revised description about major aspects of quinoa and canihua, including the botanical, chemical, nutritional and therapeutic characteristics; looking to promote their utilization as functional foods, and contributing in the re-discovery and dissemination of knowledge from these Andean crops.
Water Foootprint of Some Selected Crops of Pakistan
This book primarily focuses the consumptive along with the non-consumptive uses of water for some selected crops of South Asian region concerning to Pakistan. The study included some of the major cereals, also taking into the account the minor crops and cash crops. Water footprints for the individual crops have been well calculated. The study enables us to assess the use of water not in a conventional way of water withdrawal but in terms of the water footprint which characterizes the use of water that does not return to its origin in a known time scale. The study compares the water footprint values obtained for the selected crops on regional basis, and the ones averaged globally for the same group of crops.
World Music Pedagogy in the United States Middle School
In an applied action research study examining the effectiveness of World Music Pedagogy, two 6th grade general music classes made Andean music through singing, playing raft pipes and creating Andean-styled music, one class via Western transmission techniques and the other via a transmission process modeled after that used by indigenous Andean highland musicians. Both groups’ learning outcomes were evaluated on the presence and quality of Andean musical characteristics included in their compositions, the methods of Andean musical skill building used to create music, and the development and strength of the group relationship as it pertained to the creation and performance of Andean music. Ultimately, the Western class students had difficulty creating music that contained Andean musical characteristics, developing their Andean musical skills as individuals rather than in groups. The Andean class students created music communally and developed Andean music making skills in small groups, mimicking the music culture of the Andean
Transplanting International Courts: The Law and Politics of the Andean Tribunal of Justice provides a deep, systematic investigation of the most active and successful transplant of the European Court of Justice. The Andean Tribunal is effective by any plausible definition of the term, but only in the domain of intellectual property law.
Conversion of agricultural products to bio-energy can take many forms. Among the conversion options are ethanol from cellulose and biodiesel from vegetable oils. Cellulosic ethanol can be produced from several sources including lumber waste, forest undergrowth, perennial grasses, and stover from annual starch crops. The first paper in this dissertation focuses on the use of stover from sorghum and corn as a feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. Plant density is reviewed as a potential influence on the production of biomass. Biodiesel production can occur from multiple oil seed crops, dried distiller’s grains with solubles, and yellow grease. Increasing annual oil yield from oil seed crops will contribute to the availability of biodiesel if fuel use increase does not exceed biodiesel production potential from the oil yield increase. The second chapter attempts to increase annual oil yield by testing multiple crop combinations for oil yield. Demand for oil seed crops can influence the production of them. Separation of lipids for alternative markets will leave the remaining bulk of oils for use in biodiesel production. The third chapter displays the lipid profiles of four crops.
Fiber crops are field crops grown for their fibers, which are traditionally used to make paper, cloth, or rope. The fibers may be chemically modified, like in viscose or cellophane. In recent years materials scientists have begun exploring further use of these fibers in composite materials. Fiber crops are generally harvestable after a single growing season, as distinct from trees, which are typically grown for many years before being harvested for wood pulp fiber. In specific circumstances, fiber crops can be superior to wood pulp fiber in terms of technical performance, environmental impact or cost. There are a number of issues regarding the use of fiber crops to make pulp. One of these is seasonal availability. While trees can be harvested continuously, many field crops are harvested once during the year and must be stored such that the crop doesn't rot over a period of many months. Considering that many pulp mills require several thousand tonnes of fiber source per day, storage of the fiber source can be a major issue. Botanically, the fibers harvested from many of these plants are bast fibers; the fibers come from the phloem tissue of the plant.
Simulation of the Effect of Water Conservation on Crops in Egypt
Yield-Stress model employed soil water depletion equations to instantly predict potential yield of 10 summer and winter crops under varying degree of water and salinity stresses in Egypt. Studying the depletion of soil water from the root zone was used in irrigation scheduling to save on the applied irrigation water to these crops. The model prediction showed good agreement between measured and predicted yield and water consumptive use values, which implied that the model is capable of investigating alternatives deficit water irrigation, saline water irrigation and/or deficit saline water irrigation.The use of the model could partially replacing expensive field experiments. The ability of Yield-Stress model to simulate the effect of water and salinity stresses provide an appropriate irrigation management tool to maximize yield and to save irrigation water.
Crops Sector Contribution to Agriculture Growth and GDP
Pakistan is an agrarian economy. Agriculture is mainstay of the economy because it provides food item, employment, raw material to other sector and exported item. The crops sector is the leading subsector of the agriculture. This is sub divided into two sectors major crops and minor crops. The crops sector performance has significant impact on the agriculture and national output. The performance of the crops sector has affected by the Farm and non Farm inputs. The better availability of these inputs plays a major role to enhance the crops production and its share into agriculture and national output. The non Farm inputs contribute more because it increases the productivity of the crops sector. The non farm inputs such as fertilizers, machinery and improves seeds are the results of technological changes. These technological changes have considerable impact on the production of the crop sector. Major crops cotton, sugarcane, Rice and wheat are most important role play for enhance the agriculture and the national output. As it is other crops of this sector also contribute. The output of the crops is affected by the weather conditions for example rains, snow and temperature.
Rhizosphere Microflora of Saffron (Crocus sativus L.)
Saffron, although one of the most important crops, has received very little attention from the scientific community. Particularly, no reports are available on the rhizosphere microbiology of the crop that would show the relationship between the corm and fertility management. The rhizosphere was evaluated by the use of different selective media. Isolates were characterized on morphological and biochemical basis. These isolated were screened for their growth promoting activities on the basis of production of ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, phosphate solubilization and production of Indole acetic acid. This study clearly indicates that bacteria associated with the rhizosphere of Saffron have beneficial effects on growth.
Drug utilization review is an authorized, structured, ongoing review of healthcare provider prescribing, pharmacist, dispensing, and patient use of medication. The drug utilization studies relates to the effects of drug use, beneficial or adverse effects. Inappropriate drug use may also lead to increased cost of medical care, antimicrobial resistance, adverse effects and patient mortality. The main aim of the study is to document the drugs used in the surgery ward, percentage use of the each class of drugs, identifying the drug interactions and medication errors, monitoring medication adherence by pill count method, counselling the patient for promoting the adherence and rational use of drugs. Medicine use is however without risk, drug selection and prescribing is increasingly complex and demanding and undertake as part of a multi-disciplinary process that involves doctors, pharmacists, nurses and other members of health care team.
Major Traditional Crops of the Hills: Economics & Technology Status
The Indian Himalayas are divided into North-Western and North-Eastern Himalayan regions and encompasses 11 states of India out of which 8 states exist in North- Eastern Himalayan region and 3 states in the North- Western Himalayan region.Uttarakhand is one of the three states embraced by North-Western Himalayan region. Traditional crops enjoy a special status in hills of Uttarakhand from time immemorial and are important constituent of hill agriculture, which offer enormous opportunities to practice these crops as it as several inherent and unique advantages in terms of agro-climatic conditions and rich biodiversity.Although over the years, the production of these crops has been , in general, rising in the state but still their potential have not been fully exploited.Therefore,there is need to focus on these crops and make efforts for their development which would reflect progressive and futuristic perceptive for ensuring food security in the hills.The major policy implications of the study are the need to follow strong extension programmes regarding the adoption of improved varieties of crops, correct method of use of farm technology and development of efficient infrastructure.
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